Station operators elsewhere in the city listened to the PS 5 operators describe the problem and beg for help. More than one post-Katrina study determined this particular failure was due to water seeping beneath the canal walls which caused the wall to move and fail. At about a. Floodwaters from the two breaches combined to submerge the city's entire Lower Ninth Ward, killing hundreds directly and indirectly and destroying commercial buildings, homes and infrastructure.
Eighty-four bodies were recovered from areas directly flooded by the breach this breach of the Industrial Canal. The water from the two east breaches also flowed into the cities of Arabi and Chalmette in adjacent St. Bernard Parish. Floodwaters from two breaches on the western side of the Industrial Canal combined with floodwaters released from the 17th Street and London Avenue Canals to flood most of the City's main basin. Before the storm, an empty barge owned by Ingram Marine had been moored across from the area that would become one of the breach sites.
At some point, it came loose, and after Katrina's winds and the eye had passed into Mississippi, the barge was pushed across the Industrial Canal. It then floated through the southeast breach and was deposited in the Lower Ninth Ward. Post-Katrina studies concluded that the southeast I-wall and the northwest I-wall were overtopped by floodwaters. But clearing the lots is the logical first step. Maybe next time we could revisit this. But of course there will be. When Landrieu took office, New Orleans had the highest percentage of blighted properties of any American city — higher than Cleveland, Flint, Mich.
But unlike those of the Rust Belt cities, the population of New Orleans is growing — it is now , — and its blighted properties have been decreasing. In , one of every three New Orleans properties was uninhabited; today, the number is less than one in four. For this he has earned their appreciation; a poll conducted in November gave him an 88 percent favorability rating. But I think that you can, with a lot of good strategy and thought, rebuild neighborhoods.
Campanella operates on a different time frame.
The walls of his Tulane office are decorated with giant photographs of New Orleans, the Mississippi River and the United States taken from outerspace. Most of the newer and poorer neighborhoods, where the greatest concentration of native New Orleanians live, are at, or below, sea level — and sinking. The difference between the French Quarter, which survived Katrina relatively unscathed, and the back section of the Lower Ninth, is nine feet. Readers often ask him where in the city it is safe to live.
This is not immediately apparent because the port accents of Brooklyn and New Orleans share the same progenitors. I realize that we cannot go back in history.
The ruination of the Lower Ninth has attracted geographers and ecologists from around the world, especially those in the burgeoning field of catastrophe studies — a field with a busy future. The Lower Ninth lies at the heart of that. The closest analogy to what happened in the Lower Ninth, Blum says, is a volcanic eruption on the order of Mount St.
This is what distinguishes the Lower Ninth from the most derelict neighborhoods in cities like Detroit and Cleveland. In much of the neighborhood, nothing remained — neither man, plants nor animals. The ecological term for this is simplification. What happened over the intervening years has made the Lower Ninth one of the richest ecological case studies in the world. Ecologists hypothesize that, after a catastrophic event, human communities and ecological communities return at the same rate.
But this theory has not been tested in real time. In the race between nature and man, nature has jumped out to an early lead. But the pattern of growth has been bizarre. The Lower Ninth has been besieged by a flora feeding frenzy. A chaotic mix of plant species, many of which have never existed on that land, are battling for dominance. Before the area was cleared for plantations in the mids, the Lower Ninth was divided into three ecosystems, depending on elevation.
The riverfront was lined with reeds and brambles; behind that was a dense hardwood forest; and farthest back, where Mary Brock and Pee Wee live, lay a cypress swamp populated by stands of palmettos. Today there are very few species native to the land, other than several kinds of sedge and aquatic grass. Only a handful of palm, live oak, pine and bald cypress trees survived the storm.
A variety of species, some exotic, have moved in, among them crepe myrtle, black willow and golden rain trees laced with vines. The undergrowth is a chaotic mix of weeds as high as basketball hoops and flowering shrubs like lantana, oleander and oxalis. Invasive species have infiltrated the neighborhood from the major avenues, the seeds transported by the flatbed trucks that drive to the city. The plant and animal life varies quixotically from plot to plot, as the new species entrench themselves, mustering strength, before fighting for additional territory.
The ecological composition of the neighborhood may be diverse, but it is also extremely unstable.
A Look at The Lower Ninth Ward Today
The 12 men hired to tame this monster meet in the Lower Ninth every morning at They wear sunglasses, jeans, boots and bright green city-issued T-shirts. When the crew first arrives at a lot, several men tramp through the bramble, dragging to the curb any large pieces of garbage or tires they find. Then comes the tractor, a two-wheel-drive Mahindra , which a crew member drives through the property like a battering ram. He learned about the pilot-program job from his probation officer. This job is a blessing of Christ. View all New York Times newsletters.
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After the tractor finishes its circuit, two men stroll through the lot waving weed trimmers, the gasoline-powered machines used for residential lawn cutting. They resemble a fencing foil, only the tip culminates in a small mechanical spool that spins roughly a hundred times per second. Weed trimmers are powerful enough to cut most plants and shrubs, but not trees. Tillman did construction work at Jackson Barracks, the military base in the Lower Ninth that is still being repaired.
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After being laid off, he struggled to find a job until his mother told him that the city was looking for people from the Lower Ninth to cut grass. Since Tillman must constantly cut the grass around his own house, he was prepared for the work. His neighbors thanked him for his work.
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A property is crossed off the list once the grasses and weeds are cut and the sidewalk swept clean of debris. The field is often reduced to a pockmarked stubble, bald patches alternating with tussocks of jaggedly shaved 6-inch weeds. Plots cleared this December are already sprouting wildflowers a foot high. Not everyone in the neighborhood has been satisfied with the work of the Nuisance Lot Maintenance pilot program.
Harris, who declined to give his first name, stood on a viewing platform built on the flood wall at the edge of Bayou Bienvenue. He ate sunflower seeds while three friends, lifelong residents of the Lower Ninth, baited lines for drum and redfish. Harris gestured at a cleared lot near Florida Avenue, at the edge of which stood a pile of construction debris left behind by the crew. Harris spit out his sunflower shells in disgust.
A luxury motor coach, filled with tourists behind tinted windows, trundled down Florida Street toward the Make It Right houses. Seventeen expletives have been edited out of the following paragraph:. Why does the man driving the bus get all the money? The day begins at the Greater Little Zion Baptist Church, which was founded in and rebuilt a year after the storm.
The 42 members of the tour, almost all of whom are white and appear older than 60, sit patiently in the pews, cameras in laps, while a video showing the destruction is projected on the sanctuary. An introductory talk about the horrors of Katrina — the unmarked graves, the toxic mold, the cruel bureaucratic inanities of FEMA — is presented by Laura Paul, a year-old Canadian who came as a volunteer aid worker after Katrina and never left.
In her previous life, Paul was a client coordinator for global express aircraft at Bombardier Aerospace outside Montreal. Now she runs lowernine. And they can be disrespectful: people get out of the buses, trample private property and take pictures.
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I really do think that Tauck is doing the right thing. I like the company, I like the tour guides, I like the people they bring to the neighborhood. They have a lot of money. The truth is discouraging. It could easily take another 10 years. Enough with the Katrina stuff. Please, just stop. The only person on the Tauck bus who seemed truly uncomfortable about the tour was Renee Whitecloud, the tour guide.
Volunteers and residents began gutting other houses in the community. Soon after, the Common Ground Collective opened the first distribution center in the area, in order to provide returning residents with water, food and other necessities. No stores had yet re-opened in the area.
Due to the great devastation and lack of population and services, the Lower Ninth Ward was the last area of the city still under a curfew half a year after the disaster. Officially, residents were allowed in during daylight hours to look, salvage possessions, and leave, although some few had already done extensive work gutting and repairing their damaged homes in preparation to move back. By January , the widespread damages and difficulties in restoring basic utilities and city services still prevented the official reopening of the Lower 9th Ward to residents who wished to return to live.
The most severely damaged section of the Ward is the lower elevation section, north of Claiborne Avenue.
A Bring Back New Orleans Commission preliminary report suggested making this area in whole or part into park space because of the high risk of future flooding. Most Lower 9th Ward residents have strongly objected to this proposal, but outsiders worry about the high risk of future flooding in the area. Not long after, the state school officials agreed to repair the school. The school has subsequently become a Recovery School District charter school and is running at full capacity.
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