Irish poet Seamus Heaney wins literature prize
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She said both poems he chose "have the idea of the well of inspiration, of the muse". Topics Books.
Seamus Heaney Poetry Awards and prizes news. Heaney was named one of "Britain's top intellectuals" by The Observer in , though the newspaper later published a correction acknowledging that "several individuals who would not claim to be British" had been featured, of which Heaney was one. In December , he donated his personal literary notes to the National Library of Ireland.
Heaney was compiling a collection of his work in anticipation of Selected Poems — at the time of his death. Though the exhibit's original vision to celebrate Heaney's life and work remains at the forefront, there is a small section commemorating his death and its influence.
Seamus Heaney died in the Blackrock Clinic in Dublin on 30 August , aged 74, following a short illness. His funeral was held in Donnybrook , Dublin, on the morning of 2 September , and he was buried in the evening at his home village of Bellaghy , in the same graveyard as his parents, young brother, and other family members.
Many tributes were paid to Heaney. President Michael D. Higgins said:. Generations of Irish people will have been familiar with Seamus' poems. Scholars all over the world will have gained from the depth of the critical essays, and so many rights organisations will want to thank him for all the solidarity he gave to the struggles within the republic of conscience. Bill Clinton , former President of the United States, said:. Both his stunning work and his life were a gift to the world. His mind, heart, and his uniquely Irish gift for language made him our finest poet of the rhythms of ordinary lives and a powerful voice for peace His wonderful work, like that of his fellow Irish Nobel Prize winners Shaw, Yeats, and Beckett, will be a lasting gift for all the world.
I am greatly saddened today to learn of the death of Seamus Heaney, one of the great European poets of our lifetime. The strength, beauty and character of his words will endure for generations to come and were rightly recognised with the Nobel Prize for Literature. We are fortunate and proud to have counted Seamus Heaney as a revered member of the Harvard family.
For us, as for people around the world, he epitomised the poet as a wellspring of humane insight and artful imagination, subtle wisdom and shining grace. We will remember him with deep affection and admiration. Everywhere I go there is real shock at this. Seamus was one of us.
Yeats and Philip Larkin ", W. At one time, Heaney's books made up two-thirds of the sales of living poets in the UK. Speaking of his early life and education, he commented, "I learned that my local County Derry experience, which I had considered archaic and irrelevant to 'the modern world', was to be trusted. They taught me that trust and helped me to articulate it. In a number of volumes, beginning with Door into the Dark and Wintering Out , Heaney also spent a significant amount of time writing on the northern Irish bog.
Particularly of note is the collection of bog body poems in North , featuring mangled bodies preserved in the bog. In a review by Ciaran Carson, he said that the bog poems made Heaney into "the laureate of violence—a mythmaker, an anthropologist of ritual killing Allusions to sectarian difference, widespread in Northern Ireland through his lifetime, can be found in his poems. Yet he has also shown signs of deeply resenting this role, defending the right of poets to be private and apolitical, and questioning the extent to which poetry, however "committed", can influence the course of history.
Shaun O'Connell in the New Boston Review notes that "those who see Seamus Heaney as a symbol of hope in a troubled land are not, of course, wrong to do so, though they may be missing much of the undercutting complexities of his poetry, the backwash of ironies which make him as bleak as he is bright. Again and again Heaney pulls back from political purposes; despite its emblems of savagery, Station Island lends no rhetorical comfort to Republicanism.
Politic about politics, Station Island is less about a united Ireland than about a poet seeking religious and aesthetic unity. Heaney is described by critic Terry Eagleton as "an enlightened cosmopolitan liberal",  refusing to be drawn. Eagleton suggests: "When the political is introduced His collections often recall the assassinations of his family members and close friends, lynchings and bombings.
His refusal to sum up or offer meaning is part of his tact. Heaney published "Requiem for the Croppies ", a poem that commemorates the Irish rebels of , on the 50th anniversary of the Easter Rising. He read the poem to both Catholic and Protestant audiences in Ireland.
It was silence-breaking rather than rabble-rousing. You just have to permit it. Although he was born in Northern Ireland, his response to being included in the British anthology was delivered in his poem "An Open Letter":. Don't be surprised if I demur, for, be advised My passport's green. No glass of ours was ever raised To toast The Queen.
He was concerned, as a poet and a translator, with the English language as it is spoken in Ireland but also as spoken elsewhere and in other times; he explored Anglo-Saxon influences in his work and study. Critic W. Di Piero noted. Whatever the occasion, childhood, farm life, politics and culture in Northern Ireland, other poets past and present, Heaney strikes time and again at the taproot of language, examining its genetic structures, trying to discover how it has served, in all its changes, as a culture bearer, a world to contain imaginations, at once a rhetorical weapon and nutriment of spirit.
He writes of these matters with rare discrimination and resourcefulness, and a winning impatience with received wisdom. He took up this character and connection in poems published in Station Island Heaney's play, The Burial at Thebes , suggests parallels between Creon and the foreign policies of the Bush administration. Heaney's engagement with poetry as a necessary engine for cultural and personal change is reflected in his prose works The Redress of Poetry and Finders Keepers: Selected Prose, — When a rhyme surprises and extends the fixed relations between words, that in itself protests against necessity.
When language does more than enough, as it does in all achieved poetry, it opts for the condition of overlife, and rebels at limit. He continues: "The vision of reality which poetry offers should be transformative, more than just a printout of the given circumstances of its time and place".
Seamus Heaney chooses two poems to sum up his lifetime achievement | Books | The Guardian
Heaney's work is used extensively in the school syllabus internationally, including the anthologies The Rattle Bag and The School Bag both edited with Ted Hughes. Much familiar canonical work was not included, since they took it for granted that their audience would know the standard fare. Fifteen years later, The School Bag aimed at something different. The foreword stated that they wanted "less of a carnival, more like a checklist. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Geoffrey Faber Memorial Prize , E. Michael Christopher Catherine Ann  .
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