We specialise in educational small group tours for seniors, typically groups between six to 15 people.
- Victorian Era (1837 - 1901).
- Syn in the City (The Synemancer Series Book 1)!
- Protein-Rich Recipes.
- Prehistoric costumes for kids.
Odyssey has been offering this style of adventure and educational programs since We award scholarships on the basis of academic performance and demonstrated financial need. We award at least one scholarship per year.
An era of enormous change, change which occurred in almost all areas of life. Developments in technology, science, medicine, politics, art and architecture.
Enjoy talks and short lectures from a collection of knowledgeable guides on Victorian Britain in a small group. The Industrial Revolution brought great change to Britain with the linking of major rivers with canals and the development of railways.
During our program we learn how engineers overcame geographical obstacles through the use of viaducts, bridges, aqueducts, tunnels and locks. Fortunately for us many of these impressive structures have been restored and now carry recreational boating with branch railways through spectacular landscapes.
Continental invaders brought with them many components that added to the mix of what makes Britain today, including their genetic characteristics, the roots of the English language, various spiritual and religious beliefs, models of land ownership, place names and technologies that began with the Stone Age Celts. Then to the Cotswolds, the storybook villages now busier than ever.
From medieval Knot Gardens to the English landscapes of Capability Brown, to the modern incarnations of Sackville-West and the Duchess of Northumberland, our night tour traces and explores garden styles through the ages. This programs gives participants a chance more to learn about this fascinating operatic duo, experiencing live performances and hearing from Gilbert and Sullivan experts. The tour promises to be an unforgettable introduction to the world of Gilbert and Sullivan. This small group tour allows the traveller to come to a greater appreciation of the long history of art and literature in England.
We visit many of the places which inspired the great English writers and painters through the ages. With such an enormous field to choose from, our tour concentrates on the period before the Second World War and concentrates on just some of the many people significant in these fields. Search for:.
December 6 mins read Blog , Europe , History. Photographic reproduction from Wikimedia Commons. Victoria ascended the throne at the age of British cotton morning dress circa Purchase, Irene Lewisohn Bequest, Victorian Era Fashion: s to s By the early Victorian era, a tightly fitted bodice and a full skirt emphasising a narrow waist became the dominant silhouette. European silk day dress circa Gift of Lee Simonson, Cage crinoline made of cotton and metal, circa Purchase, New York Historical Society by exchange , Courtesy Metropolitan Museum of Art. British silk dress circa Bustle, circa Purchase, Irene Lewisohn and Alice L.
Crowley Bequests, Courtesy Metropolitan Museum of Art The tight-fitting cuirasse bodice was introduced in the late s. An silk wedding ensemble with a cuirasse bodice. John Henry, Photo source. An overskirt was commonly worn over the bodice, and secured into a large bow behind. Over time though, the overskirt shortened into a detached basque , resulting in an elongation of the bodice over the hips.
As the bodices grew longer in , the polonaise was thus introduced into the Victorian dress styles. A polonaise is a garment featuring both an overskirt and bodice together. The tournure was also introduced, and along with the polonaise, it created an illusion of an exaggerated rear end. By , skirts began to taper in the front and were adorned with trimmings, while sleeves tightened around the wrist area. Towards to , bodices featured long but even tighter laced waists, and converged at a sharp point in front.
Bustles lengthened and slipped even lower, causing the fullness of the skirt to further diminish. Extra fabric was gathered together behind in pleats, thus creating a narrower but longer tiered, draped train too. Due to the longer trains, petticoats had to be worn underneath in order to keep the dress clean. However, when approached, dresses moulded to fit the figure,  as increasing slimmer silhouettes were favoured. This was allowed by the invention of the cuirass bodice which functions like a corset, but extends downwards to the hips and upper thighs.
Although dress styles took on a more natural form, the narrowness of the skirt limited the wearer in regards to walking. The early s was a period of stylistic confusion. On the other hand, the growing popularity of tailoring gave rise to an alternative, severe style. However, these movements did not gain widespread support. Others noted the growth in cycling and tennis as acceptable feminine pursuits that demanded a greater ease of movement in women's clothing. The bustle made a re-appearance in , and it featured a further exaggerated horizontal protrusion at the back.
Due to the additional fullness, drapery moved towards the sides or front panel of the skirt instead.
Any drapery at the back was lifted up into poufs. Bodices on the other hand, shortened and ended above the hips. Yet the style remained tailored, but was more structured. However, by , the silhouette transformed back to a slimmer figure again. Sleeves of bodices were thinner and tighter, while necklines became higher again. Furthermore, an even further tailored-look began to develop until it improved in the s.
By , the crinoline and bustle was fully abandoned, and skirts flared away naturally from the wearer's tiny waist. It evolved into a bell shape, and were made to fit tighter around the hip area. Necklines were high, while sleeves of bodices initially peaked at the shoulders, but increased in size during Although the large sleeves required cushions to secure them in place, it narrowed down towards the end of the decade. Women thus adopted the style of the tailored jacket, which improved their posture and confidence, while reflecting the standards of early female liberation.
Hats and gloves were crucial to a respectable appearance for both men and women. To go bareheaded was simply not proper. The top hat, for example, was standard formal wear for upper- and middle-class men. During the early Victorian decades, voluminous skirts held up with crinolines , and then hoop skirts , were the focal point of the silhouette. To enhance the style without distracting from it, hats were modest in size and design, straw and fabric bonnets being the popular choice.
Poke bonnets , which had been worn during the late Regency period , had high, small crowns and brims that grew larger until the s, when the face of a woman wearing a poke bonnet could only be seen directly from the front. They had rounded brims, echoing the rounded form of the bell-shaped hoop skirts.
The silhouette changed once again as the Victorian era drew to a close. The shape was essentially an inverted triangle, with a wide-brimmed hat on top, a full upper body with puffed sleeves, no bustle, and a skirt that narrowed at the ankles  the hobble skirt was a fad shortly after the end of the Victorian era. The enormous wide-brimmed hats were covered with elaborate creations of silk flowers, ribbons, and above all, exotic plumes; hats sometimes included entire exotic birds that had been stuffed. Many of these plumes came from birds in the Florida everglades, which were nearly made entirely extinct by overhunting.
By , early environmentalists like Adeline Knapp were engaged in efforts to curtail the hunting for plumes. By , more than five million birds a year were being slaughtered, and nearly 95 percent of Florida's shore birds had been killed by plume hunters. The women's shoes of the early Victorian period were narrow and heelless, in black or white satin.
By s and s, they were slightly broader with a low heel and made of leather or cloth. Ankle-length laced or buttoned boots were also popular. From the s to the twentieth century, heels grew higher and toes more pointed.
5 Things Victorian Women Didn’t Do (Much) - HISTORY
Low-cut pumps were worn for the evening. During the s , men wore tight-fitting, calf length frock coats and a waistcoat or vest. The vests were single- or double-breasted, with shawl or notched collars, and might be finished in double points at the lowered waist. For more formal occasions, a cutaway morning coat was worn with light trousers during the daytime, and a dark tail coat and trousers was worn in the evening.
Shirts were made of linen or cotton with low collars, occasionally turned down, and were worn with wide cravats or neck ties. Trousers had fly fronts, and breeches were used for formal functions and when horseback riding. Men wore top hats , with wide brims in sunny weather. During the s , men started wearing shirts with high upstanding or turnover collars and four-in-hand neckties tied in a bow, or tied in a knot with the pointed ends sticking out like "wings". The upper-class continued to wear top hats, and bowler hats were worn by the working class.
In the s , men started wearing wider neckties that were tied in a bow or looped into a loose knot and fastened with a stickpin. Frock coats were shortened to knee-length and were worn for business, while the mid-thigh length sack coat slowly displaced the frock coat for less-formal occasions. Top hats briefly became the very tall "stovepipe" shape, but a variety of other hat shapes were popular.
Victorian Era (1837-1901)
During the s , three-piece suits grew in popularity along with patterned fabrics for shirts. Neckties were the four-in-hand and, later, the Ascot ties. A narrow ribbon tie was an alternative for tropical climates, especially in the Americas. Both frock coats and sack coats became shorter.
Flat straw boaters were worn when boating. During the s , formal evening dress remained a dark tail coat and trousers with a dark waistcoat, a white bow tie, and a shirt with a winged collar. In mid-decade, the dinner jacket or tuxedo , was used in more relaxed formal occasions.
Related The Victorian Age: 6 (History of Costume and Fashion)
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